Custom-designed Adventure and Cultural Tours in Peru,
Ecuador and Bolivia
In quest of Camino Inca, the Cultural landscape of Qhapaq Ñan,
the Camino Principal Andino, the Inca Trail of the Andes
Inca civilization reached its zenith in Peru in mid-15th century though the origin of the Inca Empire goes back to the 8th century. Although the Inca empire was governed from its two principal seats of power, Cuzco, the capital, and Machu Picchu, the Inca territory spun most of the principal regions of the Andes mountains. They built a complex road system that connected the many villages and population centers belonging into the empire, known as Qhapaq Ñan, the Camino Principal Andino.
Starting in the decade of 1430, Inca
emperors began the conquest of the various regions of the Andes.
By 1525 Incas integrated extensive territories of South America
into the empire, and the Camino Andino, the principal north –
south axis, lead from the southern region of contemporary
Colombia all the way to the center of Chile, and through an
artery system of intersecting east – west roads covered what was
called "Land of the Four Quadrants" or Tawantinsuyu, converging
in the city of Cuzco, the empire’s capital.
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